How to Light Our Homes: Different Types of Interior Lighting

The interior lighting at home is one of the most critical aspects that can give more character to it. However, this fact is generally delegated to the end of the work, without paying attention to the importance of proper planning of lighting in our areas.

The purpose of good interior lighting is not only for achieving a certain level of light that allows us to perform a specific activity; good lighting also enables us to transform each of our interior spaces and enhance their expressiveness, emphasizing those areas that we want to highlight.

When projecting the lighting in our homes, it is essential to take into account two factors: the tone of light and the amount of illumination associated with it.

Warm tones are associated with low levels of light, a sunset has a low level of light in shades clearly marked by warm reds and is a wonderful example of beautiful lighting.

However, colder shades are associated with large amounts of illumination, on a sunny beach day with a massive number of lights.

In this sense it would be convenient to note that the color of light is measured in (ºK) Kelvin degrees; it is what we call the color temperature. It is divided into three categories: Warm, are yellowish and go below 3,300 ºK, cold which are white shades and go between 5,000 and 6,500 ºK, and in between would be neutral or intermediate shades between 3,500 and 4,100 ºK.

Warm light sources tend to relax and make us feel comfortable, while cold light sources tend to stimulate us. Always associated with the amount of light we commented on earlier.

As regards how to illuminate our homes more practically, it would be necessary to establish four different categories of types of lighting, which should not be exclusive but rather complementary.

The use of different kinds of lights in the same space, independently lit, maybe the solution sought to adapt it to its various purposes throughout the day.

General Lighting

It is the type of lighting which is merely functional to illuminate our home.
Usually, it is obtained using wall lights or ceiling lamps. It would be advisable to use several light sources to use a single light source in the center of the room.

When planning general lighting, care must be taken to ensure that there are no contrasts between different rooms, especially in the passageways and staircases. This type of lighting can be controlled by regulators of light intensity. In this way, we can opt for more intense lighting giving a greater vitality to the rooms or softer lighting that tends to relax us.

Speaking from a more decorative point of view, usually, halogens have been used embedded in the ceiling for general lighting of homes. It is changing and is increasingly appreciated the use of indirect lighting through holes in walls and ceilings, combined with halogens and resorting to a smaller number of these.

Spot Lighting

It has more intense lighting which aims to illuminate a particular activity. It is supplementary lighting to the previous one, which is directed to a specific point of the room, the dining room table, the headboard of the bed while leaving the rest in shadows.

The relationship between these two kinds of lighting must be complementary, seeking balance and avoiding excessive contrasts.
Generally, for this type of lighting, floor or table lamps are used in those areas intended for writing and reading; and suspended or ceiling lamps for the dining room table, the make-up or shaving area, play or work areas.

Exhibition Lighting

This type of lighting is more oriented to the creation of a dramatic or theatrical effect than to the practicality of illuminating a room. In this type of light, you can look for colors or themes to give that special touch we are looking for in our house. It is a protagonist lighting; the center of attention.

For this type of lighting, use warm lamps distributed by the shelves or bedside tables of our homes, although we can use more daring resources through spotlights that project moving forms.

Decorative Lighting

This lighting is used to enhance details and illuminate a particular object. It usually has been used to illuminate a plant, a sculpture or a painting. Unlike the previous lighting, decorative lighting serves to give prominence to the object being illuminated.

In the modern decoration, in addition to the previous uses, it is used to illuminate and highlight the architectural effects and at the same time creating false realities. Emphasize the ornamental aspects of our home, including the creation of false realities, such as false structures as pillars of light materialized inside our rooms.


The most significant advantage of artificial lighting over natural lighting is given by its ability to be regulated according to our intentions and needs. When thinking about proper lighting, the following questions should be asked: where, why and how much light should be projected. Following these guidelines, we can create different scenes of view that will modify each of our interior spaces.

By | 2018-12-14T12:04:13+00:00 December 20th, 2018|Uncategorized|0 Comments